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Assessment of Environmental, Social and Human Rights Issues (ESHR)

A reliable framework for the state protection of your foreign transactions.

Environmental, social and human rights issues (ESHR) play an important role in the promotion of foreign trade. With the following link you can access information on the requirements and procedure of the environmental, social and human rights assessment (ESHR assessment).

Assessment of ESHR issues in accordance with national and international standards 

Sustainability in all its various dimensions is an important aspect of foreign trade promotion by the Federal Republic of Germany. The assessment of environmental, social and human rights issues is performed according to both national and international standards.

As far as transactions falling within the scope of application of the OECD Common Approaches are concerned, an assessment of environmental, social and human rights aspects is mandatory and an integral part of the appraisal process. This applies to all transactions where a credit period of more than two years has been agreed and the contract value amounts to at least 15 million euros.

However, the Federal Government goes beyond the requirements of the Common Approaches. If there are any indications that a transaction involves fundamental environmental, social and human rights risks, it will be subjected to a risk assessment irrespective of the credit period and the contract value involved.

As stipulated in the OECD Common Approaches, the Operational Safeguard Policies of the World Bank, the Performance Standards of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines of the World Bank Group are relevant for the assessment of ESHR issue.

Additional background information 

Find out more details about:     

ESHR impact assessment process


To begin with, it is checked whether the transaction offered for cover requires an ESHR impact assessment.



Depending on the seriousness of the potential ESHR risks involved, the credit period and the order value, the transaction is then classified in an environmental risk category. The category defines the extent and depth of the due diligence. The Common Approaches provide for three categories: A, B and C. In addition to the provisions of the Common Approaches the internal category E is assigned to supplies and services for existing plants which do not involve any substantial changes in capacity and function as well as any substantial changes regarding ESHR issues. Projects classified in Categories A and B are subjected to an in-depth ESHR assessment, projects of Category C do not require any further due diligence. Category E projects are only subjected to a risk assessment of the ESHR issues.


Performance of the assessment

The Common Approaches stipulate what standards are to be applied when the assessment is performed. As a rule, a project must meet the ESHR standards of the buyer’s country. In addition to that, the project is benchmarked against the international standards of the World Bank Group. Category A projects potentially have significant adverse environmental, social or human rights impacts. Consequently, the requirements for the due diligence are higher: an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment report (ESIA) has to be prepared and submitted. Projects outside the Common Approaches’ scope of application will be assessed focussing on the material risks and without a complete benchmarking against international standards.


Example of an assessment of the environmental, social and human rights issues of a Category A project according to the OECD Common Approaches: Construction and operation of a fertiliser plant and a phosphoric acid plant (PDF, German version only).


Example of an assessment of the environmental, social and human rights issues of a Category B project according to the OECD Common Approaches: Construction of a plant for the production of medium-density fibreboard (MDF) (PDF, German version only)


In the case that cover is granted subject to certain conditions being met, the compliance with these conditions will be controlled by means of subsequent monitoring.

Sustainability in its various dimensions is an important aspect of foreign trade promotion by the Federal Republic of Germany.

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What information is required?

The assessment of ESHR issues will be performed by our experts from the Department Sustainability. They will be pleased to explain individual aspects of this assessment to applicants and project participants and to assist them with the procurement of information and other necessary measures. The best way is to contact them at an early project stage.

In order to provide guidance on the aspects that may be important for the ESHR due diligence, you will find below a general questionnaire not linked to any sector of industry as well as sector-related questionnaires.

As far as necessary, field visits will be carried out, the German embassies in the buyers’ countries will be involved or also external experts (consultants) engaged to assist with their expertise.

Additional information 

Download forms

ESHR Questionnaire | Agriculture and Forestry
May 1, 2018
201 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Chemical Industry
September 1, 2019
430 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Conventional Energy
May 1, 2018
281 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Electric Power Transmission
May 1, 2019
159 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Food Industry
May 1, 2018
320 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | General Questionnaire
346 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Hydroelectric Power Stations and Dams
May 1, 2018
190 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Infrastructure Projects
May 1, 2018
461 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Metal, Plastic and Rubber Products as well as electronics Manufacturing
May 1, 2018
464 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Mineral Processing Industry
May 1, 2018
651 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Mining, Oil and Gas
February 1, 2021
389 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Oleochemical Industry
September 1, 2019
239 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Petrochemical Industry
May 1, 2018
481 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Manufacturing
June 1, 2019
233 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Pulp and Paper Production
May 1, 2018
361 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Shopping Line Cover
613 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Steel Mills and Metal Smelting and Refining
May 1, 2018
481 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Textiles and Printing
May 1, 2018
340 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Wind Energy
September 29, 2023
145 KB
ESHR Questionnaire | Wood Processing
May 1, 2018
283 KB
ESHR Questonnaire | Fertilizer and Pesticide Industry
September 1, 2019
602 KB
ESHR-Monitoring-Template | Shopping Line Cover
February 1, 2021
200 KB

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Uwe Fitschen
Assessment of environmental, social and human rights issues, climate assessment